Worldwide, agricultural laborers struggle to meet the basic needs of their families, doing work that remains arduous and low paying and that entails substantial occupational health risks. In the United States, research studies continue to document the exploitation experienced by this hard working, but socially invisible, occupational group (Bade, 1993; Barger and Reza, 1987; Griffith and Kissam, 1995; Guendelman, 1991; Johnson, 1985; Koos, 1957; Martin and Martin, 1994; Palerm, 1994; Villarejo,2000; Wells, 1996). The low-income California residents who are the focus of this research are California's working poor - farmworker families. This occupational group is unique in that many safety regulations governing other occupational groups are not applied to agricultural labor. In the midst of California's agricultural prosperity, this group of workers remains largely hidden in our society.
Robert Aponte & Marcelo Siles
This report provides a Latino-focused assessment of the changing economic and demographic landscape of the Midwest between 1980 and 1990. The key findings include the fact that Latinos captured the bulk of population growth over the decade, while sustaining a major loss in real income and experiencing significant increases in poverty. Whites and Blacks also lost out economically, but Whites' losses were less extensive, while Blacks' were devastating. As a result, an increasing gap separates Whites from Latinos and Blacks on indicators of well-being in the Midwest.
This directory of Migrant service agencies in Michigan was compiled as part of the Institute's research on the contributions, characteristics, needs and services of and for Michigan's migrant seasonal agricultural workers (see the Institute Research Report-01, Migrant and Seasonal Workers in Michigan). The Institute acknowledges that the directory is by no means a complete list of organizations helpful to migrant farm workers in the State, but is only a list of information available at the time of the above mentioned study. This directory is intended to be used for reference purposes only, and is not to be considered an endorsement of the agencies listed.This directory of Migrant service agencies in Michigan was compiled by the author as part of the Institute's research on the contributions, characteristics, needs and services of and for Michigan's migrant seasonal agricultural workers (see the Institute Research Report-01, Migrant and Seasonal Workers in Michigan).
Dr. Torres stresses in the foreword of his report the lack of organized information on the health status of Latinos in the U.S. Midwest region. The importance of this information has increased as the Hispanic population of this region has increased. In this report, the author has organized information from article journals, unpublished documents, and state health departments. He covers a wide range of health issues including chronic diseases, drug abuse and maternal and child health. His findings are presented in graphic form and the report also includes a section entitled "Highlights" that covers in brief a wide range of health issues for Latino groups in various areas of the Midwest.
Dr. Santiago provides a portrait of the changing profile of the Latino population in the Midwest. This paper is intended to serve as a reference resource as well as to provide a mechanism for the exchange of information and the development of public policy. The major policy issues addressed in this paper include: 1) the changing demographic structure and growth of the Latino population; 2) the changing nature of Latino families; 3) the impact of economic restructuring on Latino participation in the labor force and growing economic inequality; 4) the educational status of Latinos in light of post-industrial economic development; and 5) the relationship between residential status and Latino socioeconomic well-being.
Refugio Rochin, Anne Santiago & Karla Dickey
This study documents the circumstances faced by Michigan's migrant and seasonal farm workers. Information for this study was taken from secondary sources such as reports and census data and from respondents to a statewide survey of service providers. Several products emerged from this study: a directory of service agencies and descriptions of their programs; estimates of farm worker numbers; a prioritization of farm worker needs; an assessment of the issues facing service providers; and an agenda for further research. Most importantly, the report provides an up-to-date analysis of the demand for and supply of migrant and seasonal farm workers in Michigan. The authors also review history to demonstrate that farm labor has remained unchanged in Michigan during the past 25 years. Finally, this study examines farm worker needs as reported by a majority of Michigan's service providers.