Rubén Martinez, Richard C. Davila, Jean Kayitsinga, Francisco Villarruel
This report provides an overview of potential benefits that will accrue to Michigan youth, families, and communities should the State legislature pass legislation to raise the age of juvenile court jurisdiction from 17 to 18. While implementation of Raise the Age legislation may initially result in increased costs to counties and the state, the examples of other states that have previously raised the age demonstrate that these will likely be short-term or one-time costs. Several factors and current trends in Michigan will contribute to savings over the long term should the ceiling for juvenile jurisdiction be raised from 17 to 18. These include a decline in the adolescent population in the state and in crime and arrest rates among juveniles, implementation of a new statewide school-discipline policy, and the positive effects of juvenile justice treatment programs over those of adult prisons. Justice-involved youth in treatment programs in juvenile justice systems have lower recidivism rates than those in adult prisons. They benefit from rehabilitative and age-appropriate treatment programs, including opportunities to continue their education, which are not available in the punitive cultures of adult prisons. They are also spared a record of a conviction that tends to have long-term negative effects on their employment opportunities, as evident by their lower lifetime earnings. Overall, the report finds that serving 17-year-olds in the juvenile justice system increases public safety, saves taxpayer money, and provides young people in trouble with the law the opportunity of rehabilitation through age-appropriate treatment and services.
A Summary Report of the Black-Brown Dialogues Summit: Working toward Common Ground November 13, 2017
Hosted by The Julian Samora Research Institute and African American and African Studies, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI
In the face of a 2016 presidential campaign fueled by racial resentment, along with the regressive policies of the current White House administration, the times call for a renewed commitment to Black/Brown dialogues. Historically, Black/Brown coalitions have been organized to elect Black and Brown leaders, and to combat school segregation, police brutality, “urban renewal” and gentrification, environmental racism, and other social injustices. These alliances have often been temporary though, mobilized to address specific grievances and then fading out when success is achieved or enthusiasm is lost. As such, the task for those interested in ongoing Black/Brown dialogues and cooperation is to identify barriers to lasting collaboration and find ways to overcome them so that African Americans and Latinos are able to develop effective working relationships that empower them to have greater political influence in the policy directions of the state and the operation of its institutions.
Rubén O. Martinez, Jean Kayitsinga, Pilar Horner, Daniel Vélez Ortiz
This report assesses the well-being of Latinos in Michigan and Southeast Michigan by identifying community issues that influence their daily lives. It looks at how Latinos compare to other demographic groups in Southeast Michigan and across the state of Michigan on six important areas: education, economic well-being, health and health behaviors, civic engagement, community well- being and immigration. The analyses in this report address the following research questions: 1) How does the well-being of the Latino population compare to other demographic groups? and 2) What are the critical needs of the Latino communities in Southeast Michigan?
Hosted by: The Julian Samora Research Institute, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI
This report summarizes the collective work done by participants at two statewide summits hosted by the Julian Samora Research Institute (JSRI) at Michigan State University. The first, held in July 2009, resulted in the identification and prioritization of key issues facing Latino communities in Michigan, the second, focused on developing an implementation plan addressing the issues identified as key to Latino communities in Michigan. This report describes the key goals and related steps to achieve them in 2011 for the creation on an effective statewide organization that addresses seven priorities for Latinos in Michigan. Latinos who attended the summit recognized the importance of establishing an effective statewide organization that will serve as a mechanism to garner resources and coordinate efforts to address the challenges facing Latino communities at the levels of service delivery, policy development, and implementation. A steering committee was set up to oversee this process. Four organizational goals were identified for the upcoming year: 1) create an organizational structure, mission statement, and set of objectives that link grassroots and community-level actors across the state, allowing for networking and cohesive action on Latino issues, 2) develop a financial structure for the organization, 3) develop a code of conduct for participation in the organization, and 4) create a communications vehicle and statewide network to coordinate efforts statewide. Once these specific organizational needs are met, the organization can begin to focus on the five substantive issues identified in the 2009 meeting: a) education, b) immigrant rights, c) health and healthcare, d) civic engagement, and e) media portrayal of Latinos.
Steven R. Miller, Rubén O. Martinez, Amy Fuan
This report presents the findings of an extensive research effort to track the economic and fiscal impacts of Michigan's Latino population. The findings suggest that Michigan's Latino population, though generally native-born citizens, have limited access to employment opportunities and institutions. Although this study does not focus on the causes of limited access and other barriers, it is hoped that it sets in motion dialogue to better understand challenges and opportunities of this progressively important segment of the population. The findings provide benchmarks from which progress in removing social and economic barriers can be measured.
Steven R. Miller & Rubén O. Martinez
Measuring the Economic and Fiscal Contributions of Michigan's Latino Population
The nation is undergoing a major demographic shift that will present major challenges in the coming decades. One dimension of the demographic shift is the aging of the Baby Boomers, who will leave a major void in the labor force when they retire. Another dimension is the growth of the Latino population, which is projected to go from 15% of the population to 30% by mid century.
Rubén O. Martinez
A Summary Report on the Statewide Summit on Latino Issues in Michigan
This is a summary of the Summit on Latino Issues in Michigan: Toward a Statewide Agenda, sponsored by the Julian Samora Research Institute and held at the Kellogg Center in East Lansing, Michigan, on July 31, 2009. Nearly 60 individuals representing different institutional sectors and geographical areas of Michigan came together for one day to work collaboratively on identifying and prioritizing the challenges facing Latinos in Michigan. Summit participants identified the following issues as key challenges for Latinos in Michigan and provided some suggestions for how they can be addressed. 1) Education--the Latino community must engage parents in the education of their children; 2) Immigration Rights—anti-immigration sentiments are producing hostilities against Latino communities, profiling by ICE and law enforcement officials that must be addressed; 3) Health and Healthcare--there is a high percentage of diabetes, heart disease, and obesity in the Latino population; 4) Civic Engagement--the Latino voice is needed in policy and decision-making; 5) Media Portrayal of Latinos--for the most part is negative and affects the perceptions of the general public; 6) Economic Development--is extremely important to Latino entrepreneurs striving to succeed in the US and support systems are needed that will reach Latinos and provide services; 7) Jobs and Employment--people need to obtain/provide the basic needs of life for themselves, their families, and their communities; 8) Latino-focused Statewide Network--is needed to provide a venue for working collaboratively to improve the status of Latinos in Michigan; 9) Gender relations--Latino family traditions and culture have historically proven to strengthen the community and family by following a unique set of norms and codes; and 10) Civil Rights and Discrimination--racism impacts every aspect of life, resulting in a segregated society that denies opportunities to what will soon be the largest population segments in the nation.
Rubén O. Martinez
The Julian Samora Research Institute is pleased to provide this summary of the Summit on Latino Issues in Michigan: Toward a Statewide Agenda, which was held at the Kellogg Center in East Lansing, Michigan, on July 31, 2009. This summit represents the first phase of an effort to galvanize Latino-informed leaders and researchers and provide an opportunity for them to identify, prioritize and begin to work toward solutions to the challenges facing Latinos in Michigan. Nearly 60 individuals representing different institutional sectors and geographic areas of Michigan came together for one day to work collaboratively on identifying and prioritizing the challenges facing Latinos in Michigan. Summit participants identified the following issues as key challenges for Latinos in Michigan and provided some suggestions for how they can be addressed.